Welcome to the website of the Rescue project

The project REnewable Smart Cooling for Urban Europe (RESCUE) aims to address the key challenges for the further development and implementation of district cooling using low and zero carbon emitting sources, thereby enabling local communities to reap the environmental and economic benefits of this energy efficiency technology.


Since June 2012, we have worked together on facilitating the deployment of district cooling in Europe. We visited a few district cooling systems, organized workshops for companies and local authorities, wrote reports and prepared final documents “Cool Conclusions” and “Guidelines” in 5 languages.

The Rescue-time is up, however, the AGFW – the Energy Efficiency Association in Germany will continue contributing to the RESCUE-website with news, articles, studies from the world of District cooling. You are welcome to send us (m.grajcar@agfw.de) your News/articles on district cooling, if appropriate for the website –we will publish them! Thank you for working with us and we wish you all the best for your future!

Your RESCUE-team

PS. Do not forget to download "Cool Conclusions" and "Guidelines" for you and your colleagues! Your feedback is always welcome.

RESCUE Final Conference – Part II

On 23 October 2014 Freiburg hosted the second part of the RESCUE project final conference (the first part took place on 7 October 2014 in Brussels during DG Regio’s Open Days). The conference was organized in conjunction with ICLEI’s Local Renewables Conference Series in order to create a more diverse and effective knowledge sharing platform by mutually benefiting from the participants of the both events.

Participants of the RESCUE final conference had the opportunity to share knowledge and experiences with a variety of stakeholders from local governments including mayors and deputy mayors from Paris (France), Suwon (Republic of Korea) and Tirana (Albania), as well as representatives from the cities of Basel (Switzerland), Stockholm (Sweden), Almada (Portugal) and Tilburg (The Netherlands). Representatives from the European Commission, European Investment Bank, GIZ, universities and consultancies were also among the speakers and participants of the Local Renewables Conference. Around 50 participants took an interest on district heating and cooling and attended the RESCUE sessions to join a fruitful discussion which followed the expert presentations from Christian Neumann (Energy Agency Region Freiburg), Michael King (UK District Energy Vanguards Network), Sophie Jongeneel (TNO Innovation for Life) and Clemens Felsmann (Technical University of Dresden) in the first session. In the second session, project partners focused on the RESCUE project results and outcomes in order to spread the knowledge gained during the project. Presentations from Anders Tvärne (Capital Cooling), Ingo Wagner (Euroheat&Power) and Elisabeth Eckstädt (Technical University Dresden) presented the project findings, good practice examples of District Cooling systems around Europe and explained the RESCUE assessment tool.

The session ended with a wrap-up speech by the Project Coordinator Clemens Felsmann, followed by a short discussion round. You can access the RESCUE Final Conference programme here and more information can be found on Local Renewables 2014 website.

Your RESCUE Team from Freiburg

On District Cooling Workshop in Tartu, Estonia

Important note: all presentations are written in Estonian language.

Margo Kiilaots (Fortum) explained the importance and benefits with District Energy in Tartu and Estonia and why it is natural to start up District Cooling when they have such a good experience of district heating.

Henrik Frohm (Capital Cooling) made an overview on RESCUE project: technical and political aspects of district cooling that a local government should consider. Matti Raamat (City of Tartu) presented basic studies and first steps towards sustainable energy in Tartu.

The design of district cooling scheme in Tartu was presented by Riho Köks (Fortum). Benefits with district cooling for property owners and society regarding environmental impact, economy and security were elaborated by Henrik Frohm. Magnus Swedblom (Capital Cooling) presented elements on implementing a successful district cooling

Your RESCUE Team from Sweden and Germany

Cool events in cool Berlin: Panel discussion without audience - 15th December 2014

Dear friends of district cooling,

have you noticed that district cooling is more developped in Northern countries such as Sweden or Finland than in Germany? What are market conditions for district cooling in comparison with other cooling solutions? How could be conditions for district cooling improved in order to have a greater Impact on the climate protection? Do you think that the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive can make change?

If you can contribute to these questions and speak German, join us at the Pannel discussion without audience in the Novotel Berlin Mitte Hotel ( Fischerinsel 12, 10179 Berlin) from 10:30 to 13:30 on 15th December 2014. Registration and more information available at m.grajcar@remove-this.agfw.de.

Your AGFW team- national Partner of Rescue in Germany

Contact Person: Dipl.-Ing. Maria Grajcar, MA

Successful Final Project Conferences on sustainable heat use and cooling

On 7 October 2014 the DHC+ Technology Platform hosted the Joint Final Project Conferences of the IEE-funded projects BiogasHeat and Rescue in Brussels. The event which was part of the 2014 edition of DG Regio's Open Days attracted a total of more than 100 stakeholders from across Europe. The conferences featured a bandwidth of meaningful and highly interesting insights gained through the projects' lifetimes, a variety of best practice examples and much more, while offering space for presentations on related projects.

Heating and Cooling account for around 50% of Europe's primary energy consumption. Deploying technologies and solutions on how to satisfy heating and cooling needs is therefore crucial in order to achieve the EU's climate and energy policy objectives: secure, sustainable and affordable supply. Euroheat and Power and the DHC+ Technology Platform have been involved in numerous EU-funded research projects with exactly this aim.

More than 100 stakeholders including Members of the European Parliament, European Commission officials, regional and city representatives, DHC and other energy stakeholders and many more gathered for the Joint Final Project Conference of BiogasHeat and Rescue. The day was split in two main sessions - one for each project - comprising presentations on project results, best practice examples, partner projects and future steps.

The conference kicked-off with the session on BiogasHeat. The IEE-funded project started in April 2012 and aims at the development of sustainable heat markets for Biogas plants in Europe. As in every incineration process a lot of heat is available after producing electricity. Most of this heat is unfortunaly wasted. Utilizing it contributes to the EU's policy objectives and creates an additional source of income for plant operators. After welcome words spoken by Paul Voss, Managing Director of Euroheat and Power, the project coordinator Ilze Dzene, Ekodoma, introduced the project to the audience. The work package leaders for the main research working packages within the project then presented the main findings on market and policies (Dominik Rutz, WIP), heat utilisation strategies (Christof Amann, e7) and business realisation (Tomas Vorisek, sEVEN). The result presentations were followed by the introduction to good practice cases on District heating from organic urban waste (Alessandro Mazzari, Sogesca), additional electricity production with Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) (Igor Novko, EIHP) and upgrading and grid injection (Joergen Hinge, DTI). After a networking break, Wolfgang Gabauer introduced the project FABbiogas which aims at promoting the use of waste from Food and Beverage (FAB) for the production of biogas, before Ingo Wagner (Euroheat and Power) did the wrap-up and gave an outlook on future steps.

The afternoon was all about the Rescue project. Rescue promotes the developments of sustainable district cooling solutions across Europe by providing guidance and support tools for local policy makers. Following an introduction to the role of District Cooling in the European policy spectrum by Paul Voss, Clemens Felsmann ( TU Dresden), who coordinates Rescue, introduced the background of the project. Similar to the morning session, the consortium then presented the project results, i.e. a market overview (Siegfried Zöllner, ICLEI), Guidelines in how to roll-out District Cooling (Henrik Frohm, CCED), a District Cooling handbook (Anders Tvärne, CCES) and a calculation tool supporting initial feasibility checks (Clemens Felsmann).  After  a coffee break, participants learned more about existing best practice examples and upcoming schemes in Helsinki (Kosti Koski), Paris (Alexis Tawfik, Climespace) and Italy (Pier Paolo Rossodivita, Are Liguria). District cooling can play a major role in the future energy system and therefore it is not surprising that more projects deal with the issue or at least touch it. Hence, two partner projects, Celsius (Anna Boss, SP) and Stratego (Nicolas Fevrier, DHC+ Technology Platform) were introduced to the participants before the conference was closed by Maria Grajcar (AGFW).

During the sessions but also in the breaks there were many interesting questions and discussions and the project consortia would like to thank all speakers and participants for their active involvement and interest.

Final RESCUE conference in the Jewel of the Black Forest - Freiburg!

On behalf of the RESCUE project team, we would like to invite you to our final conference held in conjuction with the Local Renewables Conference 2014, in Freiburg on 23 October 2014.

The conference targets city and community representatives, cooling consumers, urban and spatial planners and those working for authorities and utilities.

Please find the invitation and the agenda of the conference enclosed.

Participation is free of charge and also will give you free access to the plenary sessions and workshops organised by the Local Renewables Conference for the whole of Thursday 23 October.

For more information and registration, please contact duru.kunt@remove-this.iclei.org.

Your RESCUE Team.

Kill two birds with one stone: attend our joint project conference in Brussels!

Let us invite you to the Joint Final Project Conference on Sustainable Heat Use and Cooling taking place in Brussels on 7th October 2014.

Morning session -the  conference with the Focus on BiogasHeat:

  • benefits for cities and communities, operators, utilities and customers

  • potential of biogas for heating and cooling purposes
  • market data on heat utilisation from biogas and analysis of the legal framework
  • best practice examples including biogas heat for district heating and cooling, industry, drying and more
  • business plans and strategy development

Afternoon session -Renewable Smart Cooling for Urban Europe (RESCUE)

  • benefits of using sustainable sources and district cooling
  • district cooling development support for cities and companies
  • market data and calculation support
  • best practice examples from Scandinavia to Southern Europe
  • legal and political framework on the EU and national level

Participation is free of charge. The workshop language is English.

WHEN: 7 October 2014, Tuesday   08h30 - 18h00

BiogasHeat:                                      08h30 - 13h30

Rescue:                                            13h30 - 18h00

WHERE: Silken Berlaymont, Boulevard Charlemagne 11, Brussels 1000, Belgium

Please register for both parts separately on:



We are looking forward to seeing you in Brussels in October!

Your RESCUE-team.

This conference was selected as side event at the European Commission DH Regio's OPEN DAYS


RESCUE calculator available for download

Dear Rescue friends,

The RESCUE consortium developed a calculator for a quick check, whether a deeper view into District Cooling is worth of additional efforts. The visual side of the tool is presented by two screen shots below. The Quick Start Guide is available as well and the tool itself is ready to be downloaded.

In order to get the free access to the tool, please contact the  DHC+ platform dhcplus@remove-this.euroheat.org.

Your Rescue team

During the 14th Edition of the International Symposium on District Heating and Cooling, which took place in Stockholm on 6th - 10th September 2014, Nicolas  Février from Euroheat & Power used the opportunity to present the results from the RESCUE project during the session "Bringing research into practice." More than 50 participants followed the presentation, confirming that District cooling is an increasing topic among energy stakeholders. All presentations from this session could be found here.

RESCUE Study Tour in Dresden and Berlin, Germany

15 representatives from Poznan, amongst them employees of the utlity company Dalkia Poznan, staff of the city administration and Professors from the Poznan university used the chance of visiting three District Cooling systems in a two day study tour. The networks visited were:

  • Dresden University Campus Network
  • Dresden Central Cooling Supply around the Theaterplatz (City Centre)
  • Berlin Potsdamer Platz

Each network was presented by the operating company, so that the participants could get their numerous questions answered properly and gain a lot of insider information. RESCUE consortium would like to thank the SIB, Caverion, TU Dresden Directorate for Property Management, Technology and Security and Vattenfall Europe for their kind cooperation and the valuable insights.

RESCUE Workshop in Zadar, Croatia

The workshop brought together the representatives of Euroheat & Power and the DHC+ Technology Platform, Croatian academia (Zagreb University), business representatives (Danfoss) and all stakeholders in Zadar who are important for the realisation of a District Cooling project in Zadar, including, the city’s units for energy efficiency and building maintenance, the water and energy utilities, energy assessors as well as the waste management company. The following topics were presented and discussed: opportunities and advantages of DC, District Cooling in Europe and Croatia, RESCUE support tools, DC as part of Strategic Energy Action Plans.


2nd RESCUE Workshop in Poznan

The Workshop brought together representatives from Poznan Municipality (departments for housing and infrastructure, department for real estate and department for urbanistics), one of Poznans main energy companies “Dalkia” and the RESCUE consortium. Also present were experts that are/were concerned with Poznan Energy concept.

The consortium gave an introduction to the topic of cooling. The importance of cooling, the nowadays cooling market and technical aspects have been mentioned. Municipalities representatives gave an introduction to polish legal obligations connected to cooling (which was only an update, as this was already discussed on the workshop in October) and the investigations that they have already performed. Cooling Market Today Polish national law forces municipalities to elaborate documents similar to “Sustainable Energy Action Plan” (SEAP) and update it every 3 years, this is for Poznan due in 2014. The Consultants from Energoekspert are commissioned to perform this update. The energy demand of cooling should be covered in this documents as well.

The cooling demand in Poznan is increasing, but precise numbers are not available. The peak electrical demand is already shifting from December to height of summer. The departments of urbanistics have already performed investigations on areas with potential high cooling density. Measurement data is unfortunately not available. For newly build office and shopping complexes the demand is known to Dalkia, which is the serving company.

Municipalities representatives see the multiple advantages of District Cooling systems and therefore want to go ahead with further investigations on their city area.

After the presentations several aspects have been discussed, amongst them market barriers in Poznan such as missing space for the production facilities, low electricity prices at the moment, established city structure (no newly build cluster in the city foreseeable).

RESCUE project at Energy Efficiency trade fair in Germany

The RESCUE project was present at EnEff 2014, a trade fair specialized on District Heating and Cooling and Combined Heat and Power with around 160 exhibiting companies (http://www.eneff-messe.de/en). Visitors were informed on the project and were provided with flyers.

RESCUE Newsletter Issue 3

The RESCUE Newsletter Issue 3 is now online and can be downloaded here.

RESCUE Workshop in Woking, United Kingdom

A workshop discussing District Cooling options for the cities of Woking and Bath was held in Woking, United Kingdown. Thamesway Energy Ltd is currently planning a District Energy system in Woking and is contemplating District Cooling options. The Bath & North East Somerset Council are also very interested in extending their current plans regarding District Heating systems to also include District Cooling. Their main challenge going forward is to built on their current studies of District Energy options and to move on to preparing solid business cases. This next step is very dependent on funding, and the Bath & North East Somerset Council have applied for funding offered by the Department for Energy and Climate Change to assist Local Authorities in England and Wales to develop new heating and cooling networks.

RESCUE project meeting in Helsinki, Finland

For the 4th regular meeting, the RESCUE consortium met in Helsinki on 3 and 4 of December 2013. All members had the opportunity to discuss about project status and latest news.

RESCUE Workshop in Genoa, Italy

A workshop discussing District Cooling options for the city of Genoa has been held. Representatives of A.R.E. Liguria S. p. A. (RESCUE consortium), the municipality of Genoa, the Genoa Smart City project, D'Appolonia S. p. A., A2A Calore&Servizi s. r. l. and Clenergy s. r. l. participated in this interesting discussion. The workshop consisted of an overview on energy policies of the Genoa and Liguria Region, information on the Regional Environmental and Energetic Action Plan, RESCUE project information and technical information on existing installations. Another workshop is scheduled for spring 2014.

RESCUE workshop in Zagreb, Croatia

There is interest in developing District Cooling in Croatia based on current steam capacities being used in absorption chillers. Due to the industrial decline there is still a lot of spare capacity that could be used as base load. The audit of public buildings regarding the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive is being carried out and the fund for energy efficiency and environmental protection could perhaps be used as a tool to stimulate the growth of District Cooling.

RESCUE report on Support Package Tool List now online

The report can be downloaded under "Project Documentation".

RESCUE reports on EU cooling market now online

The main aim of Work Package 2 of the RESCUE project: "EU cooling market – status and trends in the context of 20/20/20 and SMART energy" was to make a market survey for cooling in Europe and to establish how District Cooling can contribute to the 20-20-20 targets. The work was based on the outcomes of other Work Packages and the results of the Ecoheatcool-study. The reports can be downloaded under "Project Documentation".

RESCUE report on Communication Events and Networking now online

The report can be downloaded under "Project Documentation".

RESCUE Newsletter Issue 2

The RESCUE Newsletter Issue 2 is now online and can be downloaded here.

RESCUE workshop in Poznan, Poland

A workshop discussing District Cooling options for the city of Poznan has been held. Representatives of Dalkia Poznan (utility company), municipality of Poznan and Technical University of Dresden (RESCUE consortium) participated in this fruitful discussion.

RESCUE Workshop in Bristol, United Kingdom

Representatives of Bristol Municipality and CapitalCooling took part in this meeting.
The main findings were:
- UK heating market is dominated gas boilers and electrical heating devices
- No large scale energy systems (heating or cooling)
- District Energy is perceived as a social product for people with low income
- Tax relief to lower prices for this type of customers

- Cooling installations are growing in the UK, usually poor performing individual solutions are used
- No awareness of the cooling energy demand

Stockholm District Cooling Scheme

A study tour of the Stockholm District Cooling system was organized by Capital Cooling in collaboration with the local system operator, Fortum. With over 200 kilometers of pipe network, over 600 buildings connected and over 200 MW of cooling capacity installed this District Cooling scheme constitutes a full size example of successful implementation in a dense city, incorporating cooling from the Baltic sea.
Compared to an equivalent pool of stand-alone units the Stockholm District Cooling scheme:
- significantly decreases the electric energy usage,
- avoids the usage of atmospherically destructive compunds (CFCs) while
- having no significant impact on the Baltic sea.
The cooling system in Stockholm has a slightly different set-up from other lake or deep sea sourced District Cooling schemes as it uses large scale heat pumps to cool the water from the Baltic sea even further if necessary. In Stockholm the water can be extracted from very shallow depths. The cooling plant is fed by two sea water inlets, which are located 4 km from the city; one on the sea bed at 20 m depth and one at the surface.

RESCUE project meeting in Stockholm, Sweden

For the 3rdnd regular meeting, the RESCUE consortium met in Stockholm on 4 and 5 of July 2013. All members had the opportunity to discuss about project status and latest news.

RESCUE Workshop in Vienna, Austria

Some of the key factors identified by participants that need to be taken into account when developing district cooling include a strong focus on market issues, correct pricing, a system and not building perspective regarding savings, know how, risk management, balancing out responsibilities between utility, municipality, and the building owner. The decision process is complex and involves several stages including feasibility study, business development, realisation, transfer phase and operation. Regarding barriers, the lack of interest from local authorities and district heating company management has been identified as the most important factors together with securing financing, legislation and building regulations and finding key anchor customers. The most common reasons for project failures include over-sized capacity due to over-estimation of cooling demand. Securing key customers and price transparency with renewable cooling reflected in the price are identified as key factors for successful district cooling development.

RESCUE Workshop in Helsinki, Finland

Representatives from Tampere and Espoo utility companies met with CapitalCooling Experts in Helsinki to exchange experience concerning District Cooling.
Both local and national policy is perceived to facilitate District Cooling. Systems in Espoo and Tampere are planned.

Lessons learned from the Finish perspective:

- Strong market focus

- Tight contact with key costumers
- Use of economies of scale
- Use of local resources such as natural cooling and waste
Main obstacles:

- Slow permission processes

- Building regulations

- Financial issues

Milestone reached: 10 letters of interest received!

10 letters of interest have been received local communities all over Europe. Do not hesitate and get in contact with us if your local community might be interested as well!
Yecla, Spain
Woking, United Kingdom
Vienna, Austria
Tampere, Finland
Padova, Italy
Odense, Denmark
Lubljana, Slovenia
Härnösand, Sweden
Genoa, Italy
Espoo, Finland

RESCUE Newsletter Issue 1

The RESCUE Newsletter Issue 1 is now online and can be downloaded here.

Paris District Cooling Scheme

A study tour of Paris District Cooling was organized by Climespace.
With 70 kilometers of pipe network, 520 buildings connected, 5 million m² of surface area air-conditioned and about 410 GWh of cooling energy sold per year this District Cooling scheme constitutes a full size example of successful implementation in a dense city, incorporating cooling from the river Seine.
Compared to an equivalent pool of stand-alone units the Paris District Cooling scheme
- reduces CO2-emissions by 50%;
- delivers a 50% improvement in energy efficiency;
- consumes 65% less water;
- reduces refrigerant emissions by 90%;
- reduces the use of chemical products by 80% and
- reduces electricity consumption by 35%.
You can take a Climespace plant virtual tour here.

RESCUE project meeting in Paris, France

For the 2nd regular meeting, the RESCUE consortium met in Paris on 3 and 4 of December 2012. All members had the opportunity to discuss about project status and latest news.

RESCUE Workshop in Härnösand, Sweden

In Sweden Härnösand Energy & Environment are planning a deeper establishment study for cooling and energy company Sundsvall Energi AB is also
planning to start up a pilot study in 2013. The key is that the District Cooling business should develop on its own merits. During the workshop participants agreed on the following key elements in the development of cooling in Sweden:
- A strongmarket focus is necessary with pricing done on market conditions.
- One of the main obstacles is the lack of concern from the local authorities, causing slow permitting processes for example.
- Other important barriers based regulations and financial issues, significant investments must be financed.
- In order to sell cooling at a competitive price you have to build a lot cheaper than what you do when establishing district heating.
- The use of previous infrastructure investments is very important to keep down investment volumes.

Apply for technical support now!

Stakeholders, selected on the basis of their interest and commitment, will benefit from direct technical guidance when participating in the RESCUE project.
- Receive early access to the information and training material.
- Test and use the support package which will provide sufficient indication on the potential viability of District Cooling  (for instance as a potential measure in a municipality’s Sustainable Energy Action Plan [SEAP] or sustainable development strategy).
- Obtain general recommendations on the legislative, technical and economic framework necessary to evolve District Cooling  further.

Let us know if you have a District Cooling scheme, are busy exploring District Cooling options or are purely interested in District Cooling as a topic.
If you wish to apply for technical support through RESCUE (limited numbers!), please send us a request to link to the project. Stakeholders need to commit to: Participating in workshops with local stakeholders, share news on District Cooling developments and give feedback to the consortium.
(subject RESCUE)

Kick-Off Meeting in Dresden, Germany

Project Partner got to know each other and started working