The project REnewable Smart Cooling for Urban Europe (RESCUE) aims to address the key challenges for the further development and implementation of district cooling using low and zero carbon emitting sources.
RESCUE will enable local communities to reap the environmental and economic benefits of this energy efficiency and mature technology.
Rising cooling demand
Cooling is critical for the correct functioning of computers and manufacturing instruments. Cooling makes our urban environments more productive and comfortable. Today 40 % of commercial and institutional buildings in Europe already have cooling systems, tendency to rise (~100 % in US and Japan).
Cooling is becoming more and more important due to rising temperatures. High internal loads in modern buildings due to: less office space per capita; more electric applications (personal computers, servers etc.) and higher heating insulation levels.
District Cooling is an environmentally optimized and energy efficient cooling solution. District Cooling is a flexible solution which can take many shapes and forms depending on the local circumstance. District Cooling generally uses an infrastructure of pipes to deliver cooling to the connected customers.
Saving primary energy (EU 20% efficiency target)
District Cooling uses less primary energy than conventional on-site cooling solutions. That means less primary energy is used when delivering District Cooling compared to conventional on-site cold production. When comparing different primary energy factors, measuring the whole supply chain, from extraction and conversion to delivery to the customer, this becomes apparent
Saving greenhouse gas emissions
District Cooling emits less greenhouse gases compared to conventional on-site cold production. If District Cooling would cover 25 % of the cooling market in Europe, CO2-emissions could be reduced by 42 to 50 million tons each year. This equals the average annual emissions from 9,500,000 passenger vehicles
Reducing electricity consumption and peak shaving
Lately the highest peaks in many regions and countries have been registered in summer, putting stress on electricity grids and necessitating investments for peak electricity capacity. District Cooling can help to avoid these shortfalls. If District Cooling would cover 25 % of the cooling market in Europe, electricity consumption could be reduced by 50 to 60 TWh per year (average consumption of 10 million citizens) and the European Union would avoid 30 billion Euro of investments for peak electricity capacit.
A Support Package consisting of a methodology, toolset and practical guidance for policy makers, energy planners and technical staff will be developed and pilot implemented alongside a number of cities and local governments. Support to at least 15 target cities on the development and implementation of a package to support the implementation of DC will be provided throughout the project.
How to do guidelines to help local governments to adopt district cooling; from the conceptual stage and feasibility to its implementation. It is the intention that a number of cities will initiate feasibility studies with the aim to explore DC as an option for their Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP).
Targeted presentations and workshops for a series of targeted cities and local governments addressing municipal leaders and staff, decision makers and beneficiaries of the Support Package developed in the project.
Creation of and dissemination of district cooling best practice showcases to interested municipalities/utility companies.
Updating the results from Ecoheatcool project. The previous developed ECI (European Cooling Index) will be verified by actual cooling measurements in order to establish status and trends for EU cooling market 2012/2020/2030 in the context of 20/20/20 and SMART energy.
01 June 2012 to 31 May 2015.
EUR 1 276 064
Technische Universität Dresden
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Clemens Felsmann
Institute of Power Engineering
Tel.: +49 351 463-32145
Fax: +49 351 463-37076